Most Frequently Asked Questions

Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin its colour.

It is produced by the melanocyte cells, which are located in the basal layer of the epidermis.

Where the melanin is unevenly distributed, the skin may “hyper pigment”, resulting in dark skin patches, freckles and uneven skin tones

Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in colour than the normal surrounding skin.

This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin.

Hyperpigmentation can affect the skin colour of people of any race.

However, the more fair-skinned the more apparent the condition appears.

Sufferers should avoid all forms of sun exposure and always wear a high factor sunscreen product. It is also vital that lightening products are selected with caution as they can often contain bleaches that can severely irritate the skin and initiate free radical activity leading to premature skin ageing. Products containing Hydroquinone (banned in the EU), which can cause skin sensitization, should be avoided. Using retinoids which can also assist in whitening is not recommended for the treatment of pregnancy-related hyperpigmentation.

– Skin ageing

– UV exposure

– Skin diseases such as skin blemishes may leave dark spots after the condition clears.

– Dark patches can appear following injuries to the skin, including some surgeries or invasive treatments.

– Inflammation resulting from aesthetic treatments (i.e. lasers, chemical peels…)

– Hormonal changes i.e. “Mask of pregnancy” or melasma

Production of melanin, which in itself is stimulated by ultra violet rays from the sun, actually protects the dermal layers of the skin from sun damage.

This is why darker skinned individuals can experience less sun damage. As melanin is transferred to the upper layers of the skin, the skin appears tanned or brown.

Dark patches can appear following injuries to the skin, including some surgeries or invasive treatments. Sun exposure, following the use of deodorant soaps, scented toiletries, and various cosmetics can also produce this mottled pigmentation.

This is called a phototoxic reaction and is due to ultraviolet radiation being absorbed by the chemical substance (perfume, cologne and other types of fragrance) on the skin. This pigmentation often extends down to the sun-exposed areas of the neck.

Melasma or chloasma, is the name used to describe patches of hyperpigmentation that appear most often as a result of hormonal changes. Pregnancy, for example, can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes the “mask of pregnancy” (melasma) on the face and darkened skin on the abdomen and other areas.

Women who take birth control pills or are on HRT may also and frequently do develop hyperpigmentation as their bodies undergo similar kinds of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.

There are many benefits of having regular facial treatments. Our range of skin treatments are tailored to each individuals skin type and treat skin concerns including skin discoloration, signs of visible ageing, problem skin prone to breakouts, dehydrated skin and those in need of an overall freshen up and skin rejuvenation. Your skin care professional will recommend which treatments will be most beneficial for you at an initial consultation or on the day of the treatment.These facial treatments offer patients an alternative to treatments like Microdermabrasion and Light Peels as there is no preparation necessary and generally no downtime involved.

Ultrasonic fat cavitation is the latest technology in weight loss treatments. These treatments have been very popular in Europe and are now available to clinics in Australia.
“Cavitation” is a NEW, Non-Invasive Treatment system for the safe reduction of adipose tissue and cellulite. It works using a multi-frequency mode that permits a careful, selective release of ultrasound waves combined with a process called “Cavitation” which selectively targets fat cells in specific problem areas to safely disrupt the membranes of unwanted fat cells without affecting the surrounding tissue such as nerves or blood cells.

Cavitation is a biological phenomenon that consists of the formation of pockets of steam (Bubbles) within the interstitial (in between cells) areas which implode by the action of a pulsed frequency ultrasound. This creates shock waves that selectively damaging the membranes of the adipocytes (fat cells), spilling the liquid fat into the blood stream.

RF is a form of electromagnetic energy very similar to microwaves. The treatment passes radio frequency electricity through the skin to heat up tissue.

Many companies claim that RF is beneficial to Hair reduction treatments, research is limited but we do know that RF has no aiming beam as such and therefore there is no known target. It sends electric current into the skin which is converted into heat. IPL and Laser light have chromophores which they target but RF is only able to heat up parcels of tissue. To assist with hair reduction the RF would need to target the bulb and Papilla and there is little evidence of this.

We do know that because RF sends a parcel of heat into the lower epidermis and dermis which is very effective in non invasive skin tightening, scar reformation and stretch mark reduction.

RF can be produced in several forms. We use monopolar RF in electrolysis for permanent hair reduction here we have a fine needle which when inserted into the hair shaft produces a current which heats up the follicle and undermine its growth.

Bipolar and tripolar RF is used by many companies in machines these days. RF is able to heat up tissue causing thermal tissue interaction without damaging the epidermis. This is very useful because it helps produce new collagen and elastin. When used in combination with Intense pulse Light therapy can be very useful with skin rejuvenation, skin tightening and scar remodelling. Although it is most powerful in a machine by itself for non invasive skin tightening.

Some of these treatments are Thermage, Titan and Accent.

Age, or “liver” spots are a common form of hyperpigmentation. They occur due to sun damage, and are referred to by doctors as solar lentigo. These small, darkened patches are usually found on the hands and face or other areas frequently exposed to the sun.

Freckles, age spots, and other darkened skin patches can become darker or more pronounced when skin is exposed to the sun. This happens because melanin absorbs the energy of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays in order to protect the skin from overexposure. The usual result of this process is skin tanning, which tends to darken areas that are already hyperpigmented. Wearing a sunscreen is essential. The sunscreen must be “broad spectrum” (i.e. it blocks both UVA and UVB). A single day of excess sun can undo months of treatment. Follow product advice for Hyperpigmentation.

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